Reciprocating pumps - definition, parts, components, uses,applications & examples.

The Mechanical engineering, is playing a vital role in today's Technology.
It Assist you to done things with ease, and also it brings the helpful technologies to modernize our society.

So keeping these things in mind, Lets learn about the topic of reciprocating pumps.

Reciprocating pump

Reciprocating pumps - definition, parts, components, uses,applications & examples.
Reciprocating pumps - definition, parts, components, uses,applications & examples.

About Reciprocating pumps:

Reciprocating pump is used for transforming hydraulic energy into pressure energy's.
This pump have none of the rotating parts, in reciprocating pump used cylinder piston arrangements.

Reciprocating pumps another name is the forced pumps.
Reciprocating pump is actually used for high pressure ,low discharge.
 The discharge of reciprocating pump fluctuate and pulsations.

Reciprocating pump is a positive displacement pump. 

The volume of liquid is collected in enclosed and is discharged using pressure to the specified application. 

Reciprocating pumps is use for low volumes of flow at high to very high pressures.

The pistons and diaphragms are use to providing pumping action while valves regulate flow in and out of the pump body.

Main parts of reciprocating pumps:

Reciprocating pump has application and to clear the basic idea it is necessary to know the basic parts of reciprocating pumps.

The basic parts with its function

  • Water reservoir:
it is not a part of reciprocating pump, it is the main source from the reciprocating pump took water. Ii is a source of other fluid also

  • Strainer:
It removing all impurities from the liquid to avoid the chocking of pump.

  • Suction Pipe:
It is the pipe which pump taking the water from the reservoir.

  • Suction Valve:
It is a non-return type valve is placed on the suction pipe.

  • Cylinder or liquid cylinder:
 This is the main component where pressure is increases. It is a hollow cylinder with coatings.

  • Piston or plunger and Piston rod:
 Piston is connecting to the piston rod. This piston rod is again connecting to the connecting rod.

  • Piston rings:
It protect the piston surface and the cylinder inner surface from wear and tear. 

  • Packing:
Packing is to helps to stop the leakage.

  • Crank and Connecting rod:
Crank is connected to the connecting rod that making the connect between crank and piston rod.

  • Delivery valve:
Delivery valve is also non return type and it helps to built pressure.

  • Delivery pipe:
It helps to supply the fluid at the final destination.

  • Air Vessel:
It helps to reduce the frictional head and accelerating head.

Applications of reciprocating pumps.

  • Vessel, pipe, cleaning, tube tank.
  • Oil drilling, refineries, production, disposal, injections.
  • Pneumatic pressure applications Hydro testing of tanks, vessels, firefighting system. Wastewater treatment system
  • Vehicle cleaning.
  • Sewer line cleaning , Wet sandblasting.
  • High-pressure pumps for the RO system.

Examples of reciprocating pumps.

Following are the some important examples of reciprocating pumps.

Eg-: Hand pumps, oil pumps, water pumps, piston pumps etc.

Here we concluding, If you have any queries about this topic then feel free to comment below.

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